宝塔面板安装使用常见问题收集

love2wind

 2021-01-05  /   📝技巧教程  /   713 人浏览  /   0 条评论  /   全文共924字

安装方法

查看详细教程 >>

宝塔linux面板安装使用教程汇总贴 >>

面板管理常用命令 >>

使用 SSH 连接工具,如堡塔SSH终端连接到您的 Linux 服务器后,挂载磁盘,根据系统执行相应命令开始安装(大约2分钟完成面板安装):

Centos安装脚本

yum install -y wget && wget -O install.sh http://download.bt.cn/install/install_6.0.sh && sh install.sh

Ubuntu/Deepin安装脚本

wget -O install.sh http://download.bt.cn/install/install-ubuntu_6.0.sh && sudo bash install.sh

Debian安装脚本

wget -O install.sh http://download.bt.cn/install/install-ubuntu_6.0.sh && bash install.sh

Fedora安装脚本

wget -O install.sh http://download.bt.cn/install/install_6.0.sh && bash install.sh
注意:必须为没装过其它环境如Apache/Nginx/php/MySQL的新系统,推荐使用centos 8.X的系统安装宝塔面板

安装要求:

  • 内存:512M以上,推荐768M以上(纯面板约占系统60M内存)
  • 硬盘:300M以上可用硬盘空间(纯面板约占20M磁盘空间)
  • 系统:CentOS 7.1+ (Ubuntu16.04+.、Debian9.0+),确保是干净的操作系统,没有安装过其它环境带的Apache/Nginx/php/MySQL/pgsql/gitlab/java(已有环境不可安装)
  • 架构:x86_64(主流服务器均是此架构),ARM不完整兼容(面板环境安装慢,部分软件可能安装不上)

宝塔Linux面板7.4.7版本是基于Centos开发的,为了最好的兼容性,请优先考虑使用Centos8.x系统

系统兼容性顺序:

Centos8.x > Centos7.x > Ubuntu18.04 > Debian10 > Ubuntu 20.04 > 其它系统

提示:Centos官方已宣布在2020年停止对Centos6的维护更新,各大软件开发商也逐渐停止对Centos6的兼容,新服务器不建议使用Centos6

以下主机商必看(开端口教程,不开不能用):

腾讯云:https://www.bt.cn/bbs/thread-1229-1-1.html

阿里云:https://www.bt.cn/bbs/thread-2897-1-1.html

华为云:https://www.bt.cn/bbs/thread-3923-1-1.html

推荐先安装 堡塔SSH客户端 (免费/简单/中文/多屏)

Linux面板7.4.7安装命令:

使用SSH 连接工具(查看使用方法),挂载磁盘后(查看),根据系统执行框内命令开始安装(大约2分钟完成面板安装)

Centos安装命令:

yum install -y wget && wget -O install.sh http://download.bt.cn/install/install_6.0.sh && sh install.sh

试验性Centos/Ubuntu/Debian安装命令 独立运行环境(py3.7) 可能存在少量兼容性问题 不断优化中

curl -sSO http://download.bt.cn/install/install_panel.sh && bash install_panel.sh

Ubuntu/Deepin安装命令:

wget -O install.sh http://download.bt.cn/install/install-ubuntu_6.0.sh && sudo bash install.sh

Debian安装命令:

wget -O install.sh http://download.bt.cn/install/install-ubuntu_6.0.sh && bash install.sh

Fedora安装命令:

wget -O install.sh http://download.bt.cn/install/install_6.0.sh && bash install.sh

去除强制绑定手机

sed -i "s|bind_user == 'True'|bind_user == 'XXXX'|" /www/server/panel/BTPanel/static/js/index.js

Linux面板7.4.7升级命令:

curl http://download.bt.cn/install/update6.sh|bash

以上节点无法使用的情况下,请使用下面的备用节点:

备用节点【江苏】:

yum install -y wget && wget -O install.sh http://180.101.160.68:5880/install/install_6.0.sh && sh install.sh

备用节点【香港】:

yum install -y wget && wget -O install.sh http://103.224.251.67:5880/install/install_6.0.sh && sh install.sh

备用节点【美国】:

yum install -y wget && wget -O install.sh http://128.1.164.196:5880/install/install_6.0.sh && sh install.sh

若点击更新后没生效,请尝试重启面板服务:

bt restart

面板特色功能:

  • 一键配置服务器环境(LAMP/LNMP)
  • 一键安全重启
  • 一键创建管理网站、ftp、数据库
  • 一键部署SSL证书
  • 一键部署源码(discuz、wordpress、dedecms、z-blog、微擎等等)
  • 一键配置(定期备份、数据导入、伪静态、301、SSL、子目录、反向代理、切换PHP版本)
  • 一键安装常用PHP扩展(fileinfo、intl、opcache、imap、memcache、apc、redis、ioncube、imagick)
  • 数据库一键导入导出
  • 系统监控(CPU、内存、磁盘IO、网络IO)
  • 防火墙端口放行
  • SSH开启与关闭及SSH端口更改
  • 禁PING开启或关闭
  • 方便高效的文件管理器(上传、下载、压缩、解压、查看、编辑等等)
  • 计划任务(定期备份、日志切割、shell脚本)
  • 软件管理(一键安装、卸载、版本切换)

卸载宝塔面板

注:卸载环境可能会影响服务器数据 请谨慎操作!

1.进入ssh 输入以下命令下载脚本

wget http://download.bt.cn/install/bt-uninstall.sh

2.执行脚本 (若是ubutnu用户请在前面加sudo 例子sudo sh bt-uninstall.sh)

sh bt-uninstall.sh

3.根据提示输入1或2后按回车清理面板或环境 (若输入其他值或不输入直接回车则只卸载面板)

安装宝塔linux面板时出现错误的解决方法

1、如果安装时出现以下截图中的错误

一般都是yum源有问题,进入ssh 输入解决

yum clean all

如果还是不行 请更换yum源

2、安装后错误/usr/bin/bt: line 129: syntax error: unexpected end of file 解决办法

1.网络波动导致无法将宝塔文件写入到/etc/init.d/bt 这个系统文件
2.源文件缺失
下面是解决办法:

mv /etc/init.d/bt   /tmp/bt_back
cp /www/server/panel/init.sh  /etc/init.d/bt && chmod +x  /etc/init.d/bt
/etc/init.d/bt  restart

或者复制下面的代码后使用命令
vim /etc/init.d/bt
粘贴下面代码:

#!/bin/bash
# chkconfig: 2345 55 25
# description: bt Cloud Service

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          bt
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts bt
# Description:       starts the bt
### END INIT INFO
panel_init(){
        panel_path=/www/server/panel
        pidfile=$panel_path/logs/panel.pid
        cd $panel_path
        env_path=$panel_path/pyenv/bin/activate
        if [ -f $env_path ];then
                source $env_path
                pythonV=$panel_path/pyenv/bin/python
                chmod -R 700 $panel_path/pyenv/bin
        else
                pythonV=/usr/bin/python
        fi
        reg="^#\!$pythonV\$"
        is_sed=$(cat $panel_path/BT-Panel|head -n 1|grep -E $reg)
        if [ "${is_sed}" = "" ];then
                sed -i "s@^#!.*@#!$pythonV@" $panel_path/BT-Panel
        fi
        is_sed=$(cat $panel_path/BT-Task|head -n 1|grep -E $reg)
        if [ "${is_sed}" = "" ];then
                sed -i "s@^#!.*@#!$pythonV@" $panel_path/BT-Task
        fi
        chmod 700 $panel_path/BT-Panel
        chmod 700 $panel_path/BT-Task
        log_file=$panel_path/logs/error.log
        task_log_file=$panel_path/logs/task.log
        if [ -f $panel_path/data/ssl.pl ];then
                log_file=/dev/null
        fi

        port=$(cat $panel_path/data/port.pl)
}
panel_init

get_panel_pids(){
        isStart=$(ps aux|grep -E '(runserver|BT-Panel)'|grep -v grep|awk '{print $2}'|xargs)
        pids=$isStart
        arr=$isStart
}

get_task_pids(){
        isStart=$(ps aux|grep -E '(task.py|BT-Task)'|grep -v grep|awk '{print $2}'|xargs)
        pids=$isStart
        arr=$isStart    
}

panel_start()
{
        isStart=`ps aux|grep 'runserver:app'|grep -v grep|awk '{print $2}'`
        if [ "$isStart" != '' ];then
                kill -9 $isStart
        fi
        get_panel_pids
        if [ "$isStart" == '' ];then
                rm -f $pidfile
                panel_port_check
                echo -e "Starting Bt-Panel...\c"
                nohup $panel_path/BT-Panel >> $log_file 2>&1 &
                isStart=""
                n=0
                while [[ "$isStart" == "" ]];
                do
                        echo -e ".\c"
                        sleep 0.5
                        get_panel_pids
                        let n+=1
                        if [ $n -gt 8 ];then
                                break;
                        fi
                done
                if [ "$isStart" == '' ];then
                        echo -e "\033[31mfailed\033[0m"
                        echo '------------------------------------------------------'
                        tail -n 20 $log_file
                        echo '------------------------------------------------------'
                        echo -e "\033[31mError: BT-Panel service startup failed.\033[0m"
                fi
                echo -e "    \033[32mdone\033[0m"
        else
                echo "Starting Bt-Panel... Bt-Panel (pid $(echo $isStart)) already running"
        fi
        
        get_task_pids
        if [ "$isStart" == '' ];then
                echo -e "Starting Bt-Tasks... \c"
                nohup $panel_path/BT-Task >> $task_log_file 2>&1 &
                sleep 0.2
                get_task_pids
                if [ "$isStart" == '' ];then
                        echo -e "\033[31mfailed\033[0m"
                        echo '------------------------------------------------------'
                        tail -n 20 $task_log_file
                        echo '------------------------------------------------------'
                        echo -e "\033[31mError: BT-Task service startup failed.\033[0m"
                        return;
                fi
                echo -e "    \033[32mdone\033[0m"
        else
                echo "Starting Bt-Tasks... Bt-Tasks (pid $isStart) already running"
        fi
}

panel_port_check()
{
    is_process=$(lsof -n -P -i:$port|grep LISTEN|grep -v grep|awk '{print $1}'|sort|uniq|xargs)
    for pn in ${is_process[@]}
        do
          if [ "$pn" = "nginx" ];then
                /etc/init.d/nginx restart
          fi

          if [ "$pn" = "httpd" ];then
                /etc/init.d/httpd restart
          fi

          if [ "$pn" = "mysqld" ];then
                /etc/init.d/mysqld restart
          fi

          if [ "$pn" = "superviso" ];then
                pkill -9 superviso
                sleep 0.2
                supervisord -c /etc/supervisor/supervisord.conf
          fi

          if [ "$pn" = "pure-ftpd" ];then
                /etc/init.d/pure-ftpd restart
          fi

          if [ "$pn" = "memcached" ];then
                /etc/init.d/memcached restart
          fi

          if [ "$pn" = "sudo" ];then
                if [ -f /etc/init.d/redis ];then
                    /etc/init.d/redis restart
                fi
          fi

          if [ "$pn" = "php-fpm" ];then
                php_v=(52 53 54 55 56 70 71 72 73 74);
                for pv in ${php_v[@]};
                do
                    if [ -f /etc/init.d/php-fpm-${pv} ];then
                        if [ -f /www/server/php/%{pv}/sbin/php-fpm ];then
                            if [ -f /tmp/php-cgi-${pv}.sock ];then
                                /etc/init.d/php-fpm-${pv} start
                            fi
                            /etc/init.d/php-fpm-${pv} restart
                        fi
                    fi
                done
          fi
        done
    
    is_ports=$(lsof -n -P -i:$port|grep LISTEN|grep -v grep|awk '{print $2}'|xargs)
    if [ "$is_ports" != '' ];then
        kill -9 $is_ports
        sleep 1
    fi
}

panel_stop()
{
        echo -e "Stopping Bt-Tasks...\c";
        get_task_pids
        arr=($pids)
        for p in ${arr[@]}
        do
                kill -9 $p
        done
        echo -e "    \033[32mdone\033[0m"

        echo -e "Stopping Bt-Panel...\c";

        get_panel_pids
        for p in ${arr[@]}
        do
                kill -9 $p &>/dev/null
        done
        
        if [ -f $pidfile ];then
                rm -f $pidfile
        fi
        echo -e "    \033[32mdone\033[0m"
}

panel_status()
{
        port=$(cat $panel_path/data/port.pl)
        get_panel_pids
        if [ "$isStart" != '' ];then
                echo -e "\033[32mBt-Panel (pid $(echo $isStart)) already running\033[0m"
        else
                echo -e "\033[31mBt-Panel not running\033[0m"
        fi
        
        get_task_pids
        if [ "$isStart" != '' ];then
                echo -e "\033[32mBt-Task (pid $isStart) already running\033[0m"
        else
                echo -e "\033[31mBt-Task not running\033[0m"
        fi
}

panel_reload()
{
    isStart=$(ps aux|grep 'runserver:app'|grep -v grep|awk '{print $2}')
        if [ "$isStart" != '' ];then
        kill -9 $isStart
        sleep 0.5
    fi
    get_panel_pids
        if [ "$isStart" != '' ];then
        
        get_panel_pids
    for p in ${arr[@]}
        do
                kill -9 $p
        done
        rm -f $pidfile
        panel_port_check
        echo -e "Reload Bt-Panel.\c";
                nohup $panel_path/BT-Panel >> $log_file 2>&1 &
        isStart=""
        n=0
        while [[ "$isStart" == "" ]];
        do
            echo -e ".\c"
            sleep 0.5
            get_panel_pids
            let n+=1
            if [ $n -gt 8 ];then
                break;
            fi
        done
        if [ "$isStart" == '' ];then
                echo -e "\033[31mfailed\033[0m"
                echo '------------------------------------------------------'
                tail -n 20 $log_file
                echo '------------------------------------------------------'
                echo -e "\033[31mError: BT-Panel service startup failed.\033[0m"
                return;
        fi
        echo -e "    \033[32mdone\033[0m"
    else
        echo -e "\033[31mBt-Panel not running\033[0m"
        panel_start
    fi
}

install_used()
{
        if [ ! -f $panel_path/aliyun.pl ];then
                return;
        fi
        password=$(cat /dev/urandom | head -n 16 | md5sum | head -c 12)
        username=$($pythonV $panel_path/tools.py panel $password)
        echo "$password" > $panel_path/default.pl
        rm -f $panel_path/aliyun.pl
}

error_logs()
{
    tail -n 100 $log_file
}


case "$1" in
        'start')
                install_used
                panel_start
                ;;
        'stop')
                panel_stop
                ;;
        'restart')
                panel_stop
                sleep 1
                panel_start
                ;;
        'reload')
                panel_reload
                ;;
        'status')
                panel_status
                ;;
        'logs')
                error_logs
                ;;
        'panel')
                $pythonV $panel_path/tools.py cli $2
                ;;
        'default')
                port=$(cat $panel_path/data/port.pl)
                password=$(cat $panel_path/default.pl)
                if [ -f $panel_path/data/domain.conf ];then
                    address=$(cat $panel_path/data/domain.conf)
                fi
                if [ -f $panel_path/data/admin_path.pl ];then
                    auth_path=$(cat $panel_path/data/admin_path.pl)
                fi
                if [ "$address" = "" ];then
                    address=$(curl -sS --connect-timeout 10 -m 60 https://www.bt.cn/Api/getIpAddress)
                fi
                pool=http
                if [ -f $panel_path/data/ssl.pl ];then
                    pool=https
                fi
                echo -e "=================================================================="
                echo -e "\033[32mBT-Panel default info!\033[0m"
                echo -e "=================================================================="
                echo  "Bt-Panel-URL: $pool://$address:$port$auth_path"
                echo -e `$pythonV $panel_path/tools.py username`
                echo -e "password: $password"
                echo -e "\033[33mWarning:\033[0m"
                echo -e "\033[33mIf you cannot access the panel, \033[0m"
                echo -e "\033[33mrelease the following port (8888|888|80|443|20|21) in the security group\033[0m"
                echo -e "=================================================================="
                ;;
        *)
                $pythonV $panel_path/tools.py cli $1
        ;;
esac

然后按ESC输入:wq

宝塔一键迁移API版本 3.0版本教程

https://www.bt.cn/bbs/thread-42566-1-1.html

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